Marriage is one of the most blessed contracts established by God. And the contract assurances the rights of both partners; so many people ask what is the proper way of marriage in Islam? And through this article, you will know the details and basics for the correct marriage in Islam.
Mutual agreement, consent of The Wali
No one disagrees that marriage should be based on the consent of both partners. The Wali is the predecessor of the bride, grandfather, lad, brother, uncle, etc. And the marriage is not accomplished without his consent, and the wali does not approve the marriage unless he asks the bride first.
If he asks her and she approves, and he agrees to the marriage, then the first pillar of marriage is completed, which is acceptance.
وَلَا تُكْرِهُوا فَتَيَاتِكُمْ عَلَى الْبِغَاءِ إِنْ أَرَدْنَ تَحَصُّنًا لِتَبْتَغُوا عَرَضَ الْحَيَاةِ الدُّنْيَا وَمَنْ يُكْرِهْهُنَّ فَإِنَّ اللَّهَ مِنْ بَعْدِ إِكْرَاهِهِنَّ غَفُورٌ رَحِيمٌ
“Do not force your young girls to transgression, out of your desire for the possessions of the worldly life if they desire to be married. If anyone forces them, then after they have been forced, Allah is Ever-Forgiving, Most Merciful.” (an-Noor 24:33)
” Book your free trial now from our New Muslim course“
The validity of the contract must be witnessed by two just witnesses, who testify that both the groom and the bride agree to the marriage and testify to the rationality of the marriage contract so that the rights of both partners are preserved.
So when you feel that you are not sure about one of the pillars of marriage, you should ask what is the proper way of marriage in Islam?
The marriage shall not take place except in the presence of two male witnesses or in the presence of a man and two women, and it is stipulated that they both be sane, adult, free and just Muslims.
” Read also: Is secret marriage allowed in Islam“
The Mahr is an obligatory gift that the groom gives to the bride, agreed upon by the two partners before marriage, and the bride’s family can request it from the groom. Therefore, the question what is the proper way of marriage in Islam? Is a question to preserve rights? yes.
It is one of the pillars of the marriage contract according to the majority and a condition for it according to the Hanafis, and the evidence for it is the Qur’an and the Sunnah, and its evidence from the Qur’an:
وَءَاتُوا۟ ٱلنِّسَآءَ صَدُقَتِهِنَّ نِحْلَةًۭ ۚ فَإِن طِبْنَ لَكُمْ عَن شَىْءٍۢ مِّنْهُ نَفْسًۭا فَكُلُوهُ هَنِيٓـًۭٔا مَّرِيٓـًۭٔا
“And give the women their dowries as a free gift, but if they are pleased to offer you any of it accept it with happiness and with wholesome pleasure”
The important thing here is to clarify that the Mahr is a condition for the validity of the marriage contract and that it is the woman’s right and it is not approved for her father to take from it except with the permission of his daughter. Likewise, it is not permissible for the husband to take back any of the Mahr except with the permission of his wife.
” Read also: What is the meaning of shahada in Islam“
What is required in the marriage contract is to testify to it by two just witnesses, upon hearing the offer and acceptance from the husband and wife, or their representative, and this testimony is sufficient for the validity of the contract, and modern systems require that it be officially documented, so that there is no denial, and so that the rights of spouses and children are guaranteed.
As for publicity, in the presence of a large number, or by making a dinner, a party, or announcing it in the mosque, this is a Sunnah, so that knowledge of this marriage will spread among many people.
The celebration should not take place in an expensive or exaggerated way, it can be publicized in the mosque and it is announced that the marriage of the bride and groom has taken place.
” Read also: Rules of second marriage in Islam“
Marriage is one of the greatest blessings that God has bestowed upon worship. But it has specific bases that must be followed correctly in order to preserve the rights and duties. Therefore, the question what is the proper way of marriage in Islam? It is a correct start to know the rights and duties.